Brit Tzedek v'Shalom
Jewish Alliance for Justice and Peace
The Collapse of the Oslo Peace Process
The Oslo peace process (1993-2000) created great hopes for a final peace settlement. Those hopes were dashed with the disappointment of Camp David, the outbreak of the 2nd Intifada, and the resulting election of Ariel Sharon. The articles below reflect on the question of what went wrong with Oslo and what lessons can be taken to move forward with the peace process.
- Oslo: The Guilotine of Israeli Politicians
by Yossi Verter, Ha'aretz, September 11, 2003
Verter reports on Israeli public opinion on the 10th anniversary of the ill-fated Oslo Accords. He suggests that while the Oslo Accords themselves failed, most Israelis still believe that its "guiding principles will serve again in the future as the basis for negotiations and for a peace agreement with the Palestinians."
- Shattering the Myths of Camp David
By Menachem Klein, Ha'aretz, August 8, 2003
Klein reviews and explains the complex debate of what happened at Camp David contained in a new Hebrew language book, "Camp David 2000 - What Really Happened There" that was started by New York Review of Books article by Robert Malley and Hussein Agha (see below).
- The Origins of the Intifada II and Rescuing Peace for Israelis and Palestinians
By Menachem Klein, Foundation for Middle East Peace (posted February, 2003)
In this fascinating lecture, Menachem Klein, a former Israeli peace negotiator, explodes many of the myths around the Camp David summit and the 2nd Intifada. He gives details about the maps presented at Camp David and explains that the 2nd Intifada was not planned by the Palestinian Authority.
- Swing Your Partner
By M.J. Rosenberg, Israel Policy Forum, January 17, 2003
Rosenberg deconstructs the oft-heard and rarely-refuted right-wing argument that "Israel lacks a partner for peace" by explaining quite obviously that one makes peace with its adversaries, not with its partners. The lack of a "partner" is no barrier to restarting peace negotiations.
[read more] (Check archive for article)
- Partner for War
By Henry Siegman, New York Review of Books, January 16, 2003
Henry Siegman, a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, clearly describes the manner in which Arafat's ineptness and Sharon's duplicity have created an ongoing dynamic that serves to perpetuate the status quo of continued violence without end by both sides.
- Israel is Blocking the Road to Peace
By Saeb Erekat, Financial Times, January 13, 2003
The chief Palestinian negotiator explains how the Sharon government has been putting roadblocks in the path of a return to continued peace negotiations.
- The Oslo Peace Process - Lessons Learned
By Gershon Baskin, December 2002
Baskin tries to explain some of the complex lessons that have been learned from the failure of the Oslo Peace Process in hopes of trying to lay a better foundation for the future.
- Locked in War's Embrace
By Amy Wilentz, Los Angeles Times, October 13, 2002
Novelist Amy Wilentz analyses the actions of the "Bulldozer" - Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. She concludes that Sharon is perpetuating the cycle of violence with the Palestinians. Her thoughtful analysis shows how Sharon and Hamas share the same goal: destruction of the Oslo peace process. They seem to be succeeding.
- Investing in the Language of Peace
By David Newman, Tikkun, July/August 2002
A leading Israeli scholar and religious peace advocate argues that the peace process failed in large part because it remained a peace process between elites which failed to develop a grassroots language of peace and reconciliation between ordinary Israelis and Palestinians.
- Camp David: A Tragedy of Errors
By Robert Malley and Hussein Agha, New York Review of Books, August 9, 2001
This groundbreaking article provides the best account to date on what really happened at Camp David during the Summer of 2000. Malley (who was on President Clinton's National Security Council) and Agha (who was on the Palestinian team) provide a first-hand account designed to begin the process of breaking down the Camp David myth - "that Israel offered everything, and the Palestinians rejected it." The reality of what happened at that failed peace conference is much more complex.