International Women's Commission
for a Just and Sustainable Israeli-Palestinian Peace

By Marcia Freedman, President

Brit Tzedek v'Shalom since its founding has consistently given recognition to the leading role that the Israeli and Palestinian women's peace movements have played in advancing the cause of a non-violent and just resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

The establishment a year ago of The International Women's Commission for a Just and Sustainable Israeli-Palestinian Peace (IWC) composed of of 20 Palestinian, 20 Israeli and 20 internationally prominent women, is a new and important development in this trajectory. See activities.

The IWC is a result of sustained cooperation and dialogue between Israeli and Palestinian feminists beginning in 1989 with the pathbreaking international women's peace conference in Brussels, Belgium, "Give Peace a Chance: Women Speak Out." This conference led to the creation of a coordinating network of Israeli and Palestinian women that organized the "Second International Israeli-Palestinian Peace Conference" in 1992.  Following that meeting, the Jerusalem Link was founded, serving as an umbrella structure for two new organizations, the West Jerusalem-based Bat Shalom, and the East Jerusalem-based Jerusalem Center for Women. While each primarily serves their respective community, they share common principles and jointly sponsor activities.

In October 2000 the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security, which includes a provision that "calls on all actors involved, when negotiating and implementing peace agreements, to adopt a gender perspective, including ... measures that support local women's peace initiatives...and that involve women in all of the implementation mechanisms of the peace agreements." The Palestinian women secured a presidential decree in support of Resolution 1325 while the Israeli women got an amendment passed to the 1956 Equal Representation of Women law that mandates the inclusion of women in teams appointed for peace negotiations and setting domestic, foreign or security policy.

As we all hope, there is a new window of opportunity for diplomacy following recent developments in the region. Will women be at the table? We have never been closer to making that happen.

Through the years since the First Intifada, Israeli and Palestinian women' s voice have always been out front in advancing the discourse about the conflict first by normalizing the use of the term "occupation" (Women in Black, 1988); then by normalizing the concept of  a two-state solution (The Jerusalem Link, 1993), introducing the idea of "Sharing Jerusalem" (The Jerusalem Link, 1996), and most recently grappling seriously with the issue of the Palestinian right of return.  The principles agreed to by the Israeli and Palestinian women's delegations that founded The Jerusalem Link in 1993 subsequently became the basis not only for the Oslo negotiation and the Geneva Accord, but also for the founding principles of Brit Tzedek v'Shalom.

Now, the IWC is calling for a strong international role in restarting negotiations to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. We agree. It is for this reason that Brit Tzedek was founded to pressure our government to exercise leadership in resolving this crisis that is so ripe for resolution, yet for decades eludes resolution.

I believe that if UN Resolution 1325 and the Palestinian Authority and Israeli agreements to implement the full inclusion of women in any future peace negations were fully enforced, said negotiations would end very much more positively than any in the past have ended.

A very special thanks to Naomi Chazan & Romy Shapira for helping us with this piece.

News Release
September 18, 2006

Prominent Israeli and Palestinian Women Leaders to Hold Unprecedented Meeting at UN with Women Heads of State to Initiate New Middle East Peace Negotiations

Delegation of Israeli, Palestinian and international women leaders achieve historic agreement on principles for Middle East peace and urge international support.

United Nations, New York -- A delegation of top Israeli, Palestinian and international women leaders arrive at the United Nations on September 20th to meet with President of the Republic of Finland Tarja Halonen, at a time when Finland holds the Presidency of the European Union, in an effort to marshal high-level political pressure to restart negotiations in the region. Joining the President of Finland will be President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf of Liberia, Africa's first elected woman head of state, who traveled to the occupied Palestinian territory in 2001 to hear the stories of women living in conflict as part of the Independent Experts' Assessment on the impact of war on women, commissioned by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM). It is hoped that together these leaders, representing both the North and the South, can begin to focus international attention on the need to resolve the long-standing Israeli-Palestinian conflict so as to prevent broader conflict in the region. Taking advantage of the opening of the 61st Session of the UN General Assembly, they are also meeting with Mr. Amr Moussa, who heads the League of Arab States, and with critical foreign ministers, as well as with high-level UN officials.

The International Women's Commission for a Just and Sustainable Israeli-Palestinian Peace (IWC) convened in 2005 by Noeleen Heyzer, the Executive Director of UNIFEM, at the urging of Israeli and Palestinian women leaders, was established to ensure the meaningful participation of women in mainstream peace negotiations. IWC maintains that implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1325, which mandates women's involvement in conflict resolution, is critical to restarting negotiations and improving their outcomes. The IWC charter stresses the goal of bringing an end to Israeli occupation through immediate final status negotiations, leading to a viable sovereign Palestinian state alongside the state of Israel. Since its inception, IWC has succeeded in joining women living in different realities and experiences to speak out on the most difficult political issues in one voice.

Leading the delegation to New York are Dr. Hanan Ashrawi, Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council, and Dr. Naomi Chazan, former Deputy Speaker of the Israeli Knesset and professor of political science, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

The IWC has agreed to the following principles, which will be presented to the heads of state in New York:

  • Civilian lives, especially those of women and children, must not be used as bargaining chips in efforts to resolve the escalating conflict in the region.
  • Negotiations and mutual agreements are the only legitimate means to bring about a just and sustainable solution. Unilateral measures will undermine a two-state solution and never bring lasting peace.
  • The Arab League Initiative of 2002 provides an appropriate framework for the resolution of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, and for comprehensive peace in the region. This initiative could lead to the realization of "a new Middle East" that the people in the region desire, rather than one that would be externally imposed.
  • The escalating crisis demands an international conference be held immediately to launch permanent status negotiations based on relevant UN resolutions and international law and to decide mechanisms for implementation.
  • In the interim, the international community must insist on a complete cessation of hostilities and protection of people in both Lebanon and the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), according to international law. This should be followed by the promotion of good will measures such as: exchange of prisoners; free movement of people and goods and the cessation of the construction of the separation wall in order to pave the way to permanent settlement negotiations.

Members of the IWC at the UN meeting will include: Dr. Hanan Ashrawi, Member, Palestinian Legislative Council; Ms. Zahira Kamal, former Minister of Women's Affairs, Palestinian Authority; Ms. Samia Y.M. Bamieh, former Director of European Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Dr. Naomi Chazan, Professor of Political Science, Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Ms. Aida Touma-Sliman, General Director, Women against Violence Organization; Dr. Galia Golan, Professor Emeritus, Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Ms. Leire Pajin Iraola, State Secretary for International Cooperation, Spain; Ms. Noeleen Heyzer, Executive Director of UNIFEM; and other prominent international figures from Europe and the United States.

In August, 2005 Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas recognized the IWC through an official decree. Before leaving for the UN meeting, the Palestinian delegation met with President Abbas to brief him and gained his support. In Israel, the IWC launch coincided with the adoption in the Knesset of a law calling for implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, giving credence to the IWC.

With support of its international members and facilitation of UNIFEM, an IWC delegation visited Brussels in December 2005 to meet with EU officials. A visit to New York and Washington took place in May 2006, providing the IWC with a dialogue with high-level officials in the United Nations and in Washington, including Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, and UN Under-Secretary for Political Affairs, Ibrahim Gambari.

Going forward, the IWC hopes to achieve a breakthrough in negotiations and offer policymakers a stake in resolving the Israel-Palestine conflict with fresh, incisive political analysis and innovative proposals from women leaders for actions and strategies that can serve to advance the peace process.

Naomi Chazan, left, and Maha Abu-Dayyeh Shamas, right

IWC News Releases

Prominent Israeli and Palestinian Women Leaders to Hold Unprecedented Meeting at UN with Women Heads of State to Initiate New Middle East Peace Negotiations, September 18, 2006

Israeli and Palestinian Women Call on Quartet to Intervene to End the Conflict, July 13, 2006

Israeli and Palestinian Women Leaders Call for a Return to Peace Negotiations, May 3, 2006

International Women's Commission Established by Palestinian, Israeli and International Women for a Just and Sustainable Peace, July 28, 2005

IWC In The Press

The feminine touch, Jerusalem Post, October 9, 2006

Israeli, Palestinian women talk peace, Jerusalem Post September 21, 2006 

Jewish and Arab Women Unite Against the War by Brenda Gazzar, Women's eNews, August 4, 2006

In Pursuit of Peace in the Middle East, Mother Jones, July 26, 2006
Palestinian, Israeli Women Push Bilateral Talks by Allison Stevener, Women's e News, May 26, 2006

Israeli and Palestinian women leaders call for a return to peace negotiations, United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM),May 3, 2006

Gender factor by Naomi Chazan, Jerusalem Post, November 25, 2005 

Women's Commission launched by Etta Prince Gibson, Jerusalem Post, November 22, 2005 

Mideast: Palestinian and Israeli Women Create Global Peace Panel, Terraviva Europe, July 29, 2005


Noeleen Heyzer, Executive Director of Unifem and Chair of the International Women's Commission for a Just and Sustainable Israeli Palestinian Peace, gives local womens perspective on the Middle East crisis, July 18, 2006



Meeting with President Borrell, December 2005

Athens Meeting, July 2006

Athens Meeting, July 2006

IWC delegation meets President of Finland, September 2006

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