Robert Malley was Special Assistant to President Clinton for Arab-Israeli Affairs and Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs on the National Security Council staff from September 1998 to January 2001. In this capacity, he served as a principal advisor to the President and the National Security Advisor at the White House on the Middle East peace process, and was extensively involved in negotiations between Ehud Barak and Yasser Arafat at Camp David. Malley first joined the National Security Council in 1994 as Director for Democracy, Human Rights, and Humanitarian Affairs, where he helped coordinate U.S. refugee policy as well as democracy and human rights work abroad. From 1996-1998 he was Executive Assistant to Samuel R. Berger, National Security Advisor under President Clinton.

Much of Malley's lifetime work has focused on conflict prevention and resolution and the importance of America's role in international affairs. In an article for the New York Times (May 7, 2002) titled "Rebuilding a Damaged Palestine," he wrote: "If done right, the introduction of an international presence can benefit both sides. It can help increase security for Israelis and Palestinians, rebuild Palestinian self-government and provide Israel with assurances regarding Palestinian performance. Most important, it may begin to set in motion the process that should lead to the emergence of a viable state of Palestine living side by side with Israel."

He currently serves as Middle East and North Africa Program Director at the International Crisis Group (ICG), a non-governmental and non-profit organization working to prevent violent conflict worldwide. The ICG has 110 staff members on five continents and operates teams of political analysts in over fifty crisis-affected countries and territories. As Middle East and North Africa Director, Malley focuses on events from Iran to Morocco, with a heavy emphasis on the Arab-Israeli conflict, the situation in Iraq, and Islamist movements throughout the region. Together with analysts based in Amman, Cairo, Beirut, Tel Aviv and Baghdad, they report on the political, social and economic factors affecting the risk of conflict and make policy recommendations to address these threats. Their findings and assessments are distributed to international organizations, foreign ministries, and senior policy-makers around the world.

Robert Malley is the author of many books and articles, including: "The Road after Gaza", with Aaron D. Miller, The Washington Post, 24 August 2005; "Three Men in a Boat", with Hussein Agha, New York Review of Books, 14 August 2003; "The Last Negotiation", with Hussein Agha, Foreign Affairs, May/June 2002; The Call from Algeria: Third Worldism, Revolution and the Turn to Islam, November 1996; and numerous Op-eds in The New York Times, The Washington Post, Le Monde, and the International Herald Tribune. He is also Adjunct Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.

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